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by Christian Norberg-Schulz

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Author: Christian Norberg-Schulz
ISBN: 0847804755
Language: English
Pages: 219 pages
Category: Engineering
Publisher: Electa / Rizzoli; Reprint edition (June 15, 1985)
Rating: 4.7
Formats: lrf rtf lrf mobi
FB2 size: 1991 kb | EPUB size: 1781 kb | DJVU size: 1215 kb

Norberg-Schulz explains that Baroque architecture is designed to persuade, to persuade the masses to return to the mother Roman Catholic Church.

Norberg-Schulz explains that Baroque architecture is designed to persuade, to persuade the masses to return to the mother Roman Catholic Church. Some of the most sophisticated architects ever to live worked for some of the most sophisticated clients within the Catholic Church to develop architectural wonders.

Christian Norberg-Schulz - Baroque Architecture - Free ebook download as PDF File . df), Text File . xt) or read book online for free. of World Architecture. Christian Norberg-Schulz. Baroque Architecture. "' - t. ' Christian Norberg-Schulz.

Christian Norberg-Schulz (23 May 1926– 28 March 2000) was a Norwegian architect, author, educator and architectural theorist. Norberg-Schulz was part of the Modernist Movement in architecture and associated with architectural phenomenology. Thorvald Christian Norberg-Schulz was born in Oslo, Norway. He was educated at the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule in Zurich in 1949 with subsequent studies in Rome. He studied at Harvard University under a Fulbright scholarship

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History of World Architecture r Christian Norberg-Schulz Baroque Architecture Electa/t .

History of World Architecture r Christian Norberg-Schulz Baroque Architecture Electa/t^z/o/. "' ' - t Christian Norberg-Schulz Baroque Architecture Electa/%zzo/. The book covers a period which comprises the last two or three decades of the sixteenth century and most of the seventeenth. In Baroque architecture, in fact, the single elements " are highly determined by the "system of which they form part.

Baroque architecture is a highly decorative and theatrical style which appeared in Italy in the early 17th century and gradually spread across Europe

Baroque architecture is a highly decorative and theatrical style which appeared in Italy in the early 17th century and gradually spread across Europe. It was originally introduced by the Catholic Church, particularly by the Jesuits, as a means to combat the Reformation and the Protestant church with a new architecture that inspired surprise and awe. It reached its peak in the High Baroque (1625–1675), when it was used in churches and palaces in Italy, Spain, Portugal and France, and Austria

Christian Norberg-Schulz. Flag as Inappropriate. Books in English by Norberg-Schulz. Intentions in Architecture MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass. Late Baroque and Rococo Architecture Rizzoli, Milan, 1980.

Christian Norberg-Schulz. Existence, Space and Architecture Praeger Publishers, London, 1971. Meaning in Western Architecture Rizzoli, New York, 1974. Baroque Architecture Rizzoli, Milan, 1979. Genius Loci, Towards a Phenomenology of Architecture Rizzoli, New York. Modern Norwegian Architecture Scandinavian University Press, Oslo, 1987. New World Architecture Princeton Architectural Press, New York, 1988. Concept of Dwelling Rizzoli, New York.

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Explores the development and distinctive achievements of the sequential eighteenth-century architectural styles, most fully expressed in Central European monarchical, ecclesiastical, and monumental buildings
Comments (4)
Erienan
A very good and informative book for researchers.
Anararius
Beautiful Book as well as informative.
Akir
This is a superb book for its rich detailed photography, plans and drawings, sectional views and elevation drawings. The text is brilliant, comprehensive, insightful, and highly readable. The book is part of the History of World Architecture series and this edition which was published by Electa and Rizzoli is a high quality product. Norberg-Schulz has selected the very best examples to illustrate his text and to illustrate his pedagogic points. Norberg-Schulz is the outstanding historian of architecture in this period and the book will not disappoint. Norberg-Schulz explains that Baroque architecture is designed to persuade, to persuade the masses to return to the mother Roman Catholic Church. Some of the most sophisticated architects ever to live worked for some of the most sophisticated clients within the Catholic Church to develop architectural wonders. The self contained perfection of Renaissance palaces, churches, and gardens gives way to an expansive, grasping, powerful, extension of structures into space and garden, illustrating power, grandeur, benevolence, and authority. Norberg-Schulz uses the term persuasive throughout the book for in this age of the early Enlightenment and after the fierce destructive religious wars, the Roman Catholic Church must be persuasive and the architecture must convey this message. The miracles of the church must remain mysterious and wonderful and thus the architecture must carve and dominate space. These Baroque buildings were the pinnacle of technology at the time they were built. They are as sophisticated to the people of Europe as a space alien ship would be to contemporary Americans. They were miraculous and since the faith if full of miracles, miraculous buildings are the most appropriate way to house these miracles. It is often the churches, the entry of the palaces, and the gardens that are most fascinating and illustrate best the principles of Baroque composition and construction. The book also follows an interesting movement of the Baroque from Rome and Turin to Vienna, Prague and then Paris and then to London and St. Petersburg.

There are some very fine examples in the book that I was able to visit in the Czech Republic and Southern Germany on which I would like to comment.

In Wurzburg, Norberg-Schulz includes the Kappele located high above the city. The Kappele can be reached by either car or the adventurous can climb up the long and grand staircase that leads to the church. The Schonborn Chapel in the center of Wurzburg is compact and complex. It is next to the massive Wurzburg Residenz with its outstanding staircase just inside the entry

Near Bamberg Germany, the Pilgrimage church of Vierzehnheiligen with its massive altar to the Fourteen Saints, is a fine example of the building within a building concept used in Baroque architecture. The Gothic and Renaissance Church saw a linear progression between the people, the priests, and God whereas the Baroque may bring the altar down into the congregation. The architecture begins to convey the image and structure of a tent covering the congregations. This approach to the congregation was a Counter-Reformation improvement in the manner in which the Roman Catholic church conceptualized the relationship of the church to the people. The architect, Balthazar Neumann, was an outstanding and brilliant architect.

Across the valley from the Vierzehnheiligen church is the Bendictine church of Banz. The interlocking ovals and arches across the vault are magnificent wonders of human conception and implementation. Also outside of Bamberg is he Pommersfelden Schloss, a grand house of magnificent proportions and incredible placement in the rural community from which is rises like a mountain.

In Prague, the church of St. Nicholas on the Kleinseite is impressive with its pink and mint green interior. There are two St. Nicholas churches in Prague, the second being St. Nicholas in the Altstadt. Norberg-Schulz's photographs display the complexity of design in these buildings. The Charles Bridge is fascinating with its series of Baroque statues lining each side of the bridge. The Church of St. John on the Rocks is a radical structure in that the towers curve tightly toward the entrance façade and Norberg-Schulz's drawings enhance the photographs and help explain the structures and design concepts. The grand palaces of Clam-Gallas and the Thun-Hohenstein in Prague have dramatic exteriors but it is the churches that most command space. The jewel-like Villa Amerika, which houses the Dvorak museum, is beautifully preserved in a small garden.

Outside of Prague, in Sedlec, near Kutna Hora, is the vast church of the Cistercian monastery. This amazing yellow building has incredible graceful ribs across the ceiling of the vault. The church is full of golden light and is majestic.

Further outside of Prague is the town of Karlovy Vary, or Karlsbad, where the church of St. Mary Magdalene dominates the central square from the heights.

In western Prague on the German border near Cheb is one of the most amazing structures I have ever seen. The Kappel pilgrimage church is described and photos, drawings, and floor plans are included. However, to visit the structure is a real adventure for it is in the middle of nowhere, literally in the middle of cow pastures and sparse farm houses. An elderly sexton let us in to see the interior. Three half circles are joined with three towers built where the half circles join. Around this is an ambulatory space the completely encircles the church. When we visited, I saw children's Sunday School art pinned to the walls and it was obvious that this was a living, functioning church.

The architects, J.B. Fischer von Erlach, J.L. von Hildebrandt, J Dientzenhofer and the family of architects, Balthazar Neumann, and Santini are all represented. These extremely talented men may have created the most architecturally sophisticated buildings ever constructed by mankind. Norberg-Schulz covers the topic to perfection.
Nalmetus
A part of the series History of World Architecture originally published by Electa in Italian in 1971-7 under a general editorship of Pier Luigi Nervi, it was translated to English and published by Abrams in 1971-80 in b&w only, but at 10 x 11 1/4 inches. Subsequently, the series was reedited, shrunk to 8 5/8 x 9 1/2 inches, and published by Electa / Rizzoli in 1985-9 with a few color photos added including each front cover. In the early 2000's, the series was reissued by Phaidon unchanged except for the front cover photo. It is a pictorial "Ferrari" of history of architecture books. Almost every page contains one or - usually - more than one illustration as photo, plan, section, elevation, axonometric view, etc. of the highest quality. They depict the best examples of topical architecture covering the most significant ones. The text was written by one of the best experts in the field. While relatively concise, it still is comprehensive and complete enough even for students of architecture.
(514 black and white illustrations, including 153 diagrams and reconstructions, in the Abrams edition.)
TABLE OF CONTENTS

(Abrams edition):
PREFACE by Pier Luigi Nervi 5
CHAPTER ONE The Age of the Late Baroque and Rococo 9
CHAPTER TWO The Church 93
CHAPTER THREE The Palace 199
CHAPTER FOUR Varieties of Late Baroque Architecture 291
NOTES 359
SYNOPTIC TABLES 369
BIOGRAPHIES 381
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 399
INDEX 401
LIST OF PLATES 409
LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHIC CREDITS 415

(Rizzoli Edition):
Chapter One THE AGE OF THE LATE BAROQUE AND ROCOCO 7
Chapter Two THE CHURCH 53
Chapter Three THE PALACE 120
Chapter Four VARIETIES OF LATE BAROQUE ARCHITECTURE 163
NOTES 200
SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY 207
INDEX 209
LIST OF PHOTOGRAPHIC CREDITS 219